Pupils begin to communicate intentionally. They seek attention through eye contact, gesture or action. They request events or activities, for example, pushing an item of equipment towards a member of staff. They participate in shared activities with less support. They sustain concentration for short periods. They explore materials in increasingly complex ways, for example, banging or rubbing objects together. They observe the results of their own actions with interest, for example, as they throw or drop objects on to different surfaces. They remember learned responses over more extended periods, for example, remembering how to activate a pop-up object from a previous lesson.